Garden trees: Making the decision to plant a tree in the garden is not always easy. We often wonder what species of tree could we plant; which trees would be compatible with the soil; the climate and the morphology of our garden, etc.
Here are some remarkable garden trees that can all take place in your gardens.
By its early pink flowering succeeding that of the almond tree and its elegance from spring to autumn, the apricot tree lights up the orchard. With its naturally spreading habit, the apricot tree rarely exceeds 6 m in height. Its longevity is between 40 and 45 years.
Plant your apricot tree in a warm place, exposed to the sun and sheltered from the wind so that it gives the best fruits.
It is a one of the perfect garden trees.
Still rare in gardens, this Asian tree (Davidia involucrata) discovered in the 19th century is still fascinating. The leaves are similar to those of lime. Its flowers, or rather its bracts, resembling long white handkerchiefs, bloom in the heart of spring.
In fact, it is on subjects at least ten years old that the first flowers appear. Adult, the tree culminates at 10, even 15 m if it is planted in isolation. He appreciates situations protected from dry winds.
It grows in partial shade, in cool soil rich in humus. In autumn, the flowers give way to small fruits reminiscent of nuts.
Tip: in winter, during the first years of cultivation, protect it from cold winds. Do not hesitate to place a reflective sign a meter away.
It is available in several sizes and can therefore be grown in pots. Therefore, it is ideal for small gardens, including modern gardens.
The appropriate height of Japanese maple for a modern garden ranges from 1.5 to 3 meters.
Thanks to its unusual color and delicate foliage, Japanese maple will provide a « cozy » atmosphere and a sober design to your garden.
Qualified as the only representative of the oldest known tree species, Ginkgo Biloba is found between conifers and deciduous ferns and offers golden-yellow fan leaves in the fall which are very representative and original.
This large tree (20 to 30 meters in height) is resistant to everything and has exceptional longevity, it adapts to all types of soil provided it is well-drained and deep enough.
The almond tree is a tree 6 to 12 m high with a 6 to 8 m wingspan that lives between 50 and 80 years. Branches are thorny in seedling trees.
The almond tree appreciates gardens exposed to full sun and poor but deep soils, stony, dry, and limestone (5 to 10% active limestone); even slightly salted. It dreads too clayey and wet soils unless it is grafted on plum for example.
The golden honey locust: perfect for small gardens
The honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos var. Inermis) « Sunburst », close to the false acacia or locust tree, provides appreciable light shade at the edge of a terrace or in a bed.
Its long, disparate branches bear deciduous, elongated leaves composed of thin golden yellow leaflets that turn apple green in summer. Undemanding, it thrives in all types of soil and appreciates partial shade or sun.
An adult subject often reaches 7 to 8 m in height, more rarely 10 m. A second variety is available in the nursery: G triacanthos ‘Rubylace’. Its leaves are mahogany and contrast with the pretty green-yellow leaves of ‘Sunburst’.
It has the same qualities, but has a very interesting advantage for small gardens: its growth is much slower.
Tip: when the honey locust gets older it produces dead branches, cut them every 2-3 years to thin out the branches. Watch out, its branches are brittle! Do not expose it to prevailing winds.
An invitation to relax and a majestic harbor, the bloom of which is fragrant throughout the summer: the lime tree is decorative and benefactor.
Its fairly short and straight trunk gives it a beautiful rounded and welcoming silhouette and its foliage takes on beautiful golden yellow colors in the fall. Resistant, it thrives in all soils and has a fairly long lifespan.
- Season of interest: summer
- Species for the large garden: Tilia mongolica with foliage resembling that of the vine, Tilia tomentosa, whose foliage is silvery, Tilia platyphyllos with leaves in the shape of a heart.
- Hardiness: rustic.
You can read also: Trees a sign of life: why and how?